Research focused on understanding the molecular mechanisms of cancer, and developing diagnostics and drugs for its cure. The most cross-disciplinary of contemporary research areas, cancer biotechnology research includes scientists from medicine, biology, physics and engineering disciplines.
Research focused on cell structure and activity, and the molecular basis of biological activity between the various systems of a cell. By observing interactions between the different types of DNA, RNA and proteins and their biosynthesis, researchers examine how these interactions are regulated. The holistic approach using ‘-omics’ is integral to today’s cell and molecular biology research.
Interdisciplinary research concerning the nervous system and the process by which animals and plants grow and develop. Research in these areas focuses on understanding the functions of the neural system, developing drugs for neurological disorders, and contributing to general understanding of human body development. The research encompasses fields such as biology, chemistry, cognitive science, computer science, engineering, linguistics, mathematics, medicine, genetics, philosophy, physics, and psychology.
Biotechnology researchers develop many of the tests (biochemical, electrochemical, optical, and imaging-based) used by medical laboratories, as well as the instruments, implants, in vitro reagents, and other devices used to diagnose, prevent, or treat diseases or other pathological conditions. Researchers from biology, chemistry, engineering and medicine disciplines work in this area.
Nanobiotechnology research takes most of its fundamentals from nanotechnology and applies them to biological systems to produce nanoscale materials and devices designed to perform tasks impossible for macroscopic products.
Research surrounding the regenerative properties of stem cells, the natural life cycle of human embryonic stem cells, and the molecules required for stem cells to self-renew and to differentiate into many cell types. Stem cell biology has widespread applications in the areas of cancer biotechnology, regenerative medicine, and neurobiology, among many others.