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  • Environmental Pollution (Fresh Water) .:

    In terms of the water Pollution, conditioning it would be analyzed whether it has declined or improved over the past few years and if so the degree would be determined.

  • Chemical and microbial contaminants:

    A circular food system is one in which food waste is processed to recover plant nutrients and returned to the soil to enable the production of more food, rather than being diverted to landfill or incineration.

  • Residue management:

    Residue management means reducing PM emissions and wind erosion by maintaining a minimum of 60 percent ground cover of crop and other plant residues on a soil surface between the time of harvest of one crop and the commencement of tillage for a new crop.

  • Sustainability analysis and design:

    The four pillars of sustainability analysis are energy, efficiency, environment, and society. As energy and efficiency are automatically taken into consideration while performing economic sustainability analysis that is routinely done, special emphasis is provided in this chapter on environmental and social sustainability analysis.

  • Wastewater treatment and resource recovery:

    Resource recovery from wastewater facilities in the form of energy, reusable water, biosolids, and other resources, such as nutrients, represents an economic and financial benefit that contributes to the sustainability of water supply and sanitation systems and the water utilities operating them.