The telecommunications sector has been spearheading change for quite some time now. The change is rapid as it must deal with the growing technology environment and manage the ever-increasing customer expectations. Numerous new technologies will have a massive impact on the network and the way they provide services. Enhanced production of internet-based applications and smartphones, the 5G explosion, ever-increasing WAN requirements and the advent of chaotic traffic patterns due to M2M and IoT connectivity have been some of the most apparent disruptors.
The most crucial challenge in the functioning of the wireless networks is the efficient utilization of radio resources. A significant element of resource handling is power regulation. With increasing requirement of wireless data transmission services, it is essential to devise energy harvesting techniques for mobile devices. In this research, a new methodology has been proposed for distributed power regulation in cognitive radio, networks of CR are grounded on non-cooperation game phenomenon and pricing technique. QoS (Quality of service) of the user of CR is anticipated as a beneficial activity through pricing as well as dissemination of energy generating as an unbeneficial game wherein the consumers increase their overall efficacy.
Mobile IP is a communication protocol (created by extending Internet Protocol, IP) that allows the users to move from one network to another with the same IP address. It ensures that the communication will continue without the user’s sessions or connections being dropped.
The fifth generation (5G) mobile network is expected to support a multitude of new services and applications with very diverse requirements, mainly including higher traffic volume, lower latency, huge number of devices, etc. In order to meet these challenges, 5G should not only improve the link efficiency through exploiting new technologies, but also need a more flexible and scalable architecture for adaption to various scenarios.
Power line communication, that is, using the electricity infrastructure for data transmission, is experiencing a renaissance in the context of Smart Grid. Smart Grid objectives include the integration of intermittent renewable energy sources into the electricity supply chain, securing reliable electricity delivery, and using the existing electrical infrastructure more efficiently.
In short, multicast is a means of sending the same data to multiple recipients at the same time without the source having to generate copies for each recipient. Whereas broadcast traffic is sent to every device whether they want it or not, multicast allows recipients to subscribe to the traffic they want.