Rail Traffic Management Systems (TMS) are systems designed to support managing the inherent complexity of rail services and rail networks by providing an integrated and holistic view of operational performance, enabling rail operational staff to better balance the sometimes competing demands of aspects such as track access and train crew resources when taking decisions.
nternet technology captured the application area in railways with smart cities, smart transportation, rail traffic management systems, CBTC, and PTC. Advanced technologies include PIS, smart ticketing, passenger infotainment, rail analytics, cloud and IoT services, freight information and analytics, freight rail solutions such as fleet monitoring, automatic stock management, intelligent and smart devices, and scheduling and optimization capabilities.
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply. Electric railways use either electric locomotives (hauling passengers or freight in separate cars), electric multiple units (passenger cars with their own motors) or both.