Ceramic materials have unique properties and applications owing to their bond strengths, crystal structures, and band structures. They find use as structural materials in thermochemically demanding environments, but they also have unique electrical, optical, and magnetic functionalities.
This very diverse group includes highly hierarchical biological materials, such as bone, biomimetic/bio-inspired synthetic materials, and materials used in applications where the contact with patient tissue is critical.
Magnetic materials are important in a wide range of technological applications, from motors to medical imaging to information storage.
Electronic materials provide the basis for the information technology that revolutionized the 20th century and continue to have immediate and dramatic impacts on the way we live. Technological developments in information storage, processing, and communication are driven by fundamental advances in new materials, structures, and processes down to the nanoscale level.
Twenty-first century materials synthesis and processing techniques span length scales, from the nanometer for quantum devices to meters for smart or adaptive structures.